China has been a big country in silk and cotton textiles since ancient times, and occupies an important position in the national economic production. However, China's textile industry has not formed large-scale industrial production for a long time, so it has been rapidly overtaken by other countries in the development of the global industrial revolution. Up to the end of the Qing Dynasty, the Westernization Movement, promoted by Zhang Zhidong and other modern industrialists, really modern textile industry sprouted on the land of China.
After more than a hundred years of ups and downs, China's textile industry has developed rapidly. Especially from 1978 to 2018, China's economy has undergone tremendous changes under the baptism of the great tide of reform and opening up. This is the forty years of rapid and magnificent development of China's economy, and also a revival history of the decline of China's textile industry.
Promoted by the development of industrial technology and the expansion of market demand, China's textile industry has developed rapidly, achieving sustained and rapid growth of industry scale and economic benefits, and the pillar position of the textile industry in the national economy has been further stabilized. Statistics show that the total output value of China's textile industry in 2017 is more than 140 times that of 1978, the export scale of textiles and clothing is 127.4 times that of 1978, and the processing capacity of fibers is 54.3 million tons (excluding glass fibers), which is nearly 20 times that of 1978. As the largest textile producer, consumer and exporter in the world, China's status is difficult to shake.